Feature: KY Archaeological Survey

The Judd site (15Cu111) was a small habitation site in Cumberland County. The site was situated along two toe slopes between the base of the upland ridges on the east and a marshy intermittent tributary of Lewis Creek on the west. This creek is a small tributary of the Cumberland River.

Diagnostic projectile points and ceramics recovered from the Judd site and radiocarbon dates obtained from three large pits, are suggestive of repeated occupation of this locality from Early Archaic to Late Woodland times, with the most intensive use occurring during Early Archaic (projectile points) and Middle Archaic (radiocarbon dates). Based on the large number of Kirk Corner Notched and Big Sandy Side Notched projectile points recovered from the site, one would think that the Judd site was initially/primarily occupied more than 8,000 years ago. Yet, the association of a majority of the Kirk Corner Notched and Big Sandy Side Notched projectile points with ca. 7,500 BP radiocarbon dates raises questions concerning when these tools entered the archaeological record.

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KyOPA Research Grant Awarded

Edward Henry of Washington University if St. Louis has been awarded a $595 research grant from KyOPA. Ed studies the construction of Adena-Hopewell earthen enclosures that were built during the Middle Woodland period (ca. 200 B.C. to A.D. 500) in Central Kentucky. His research is the first to examine the differences in how disparate social groups built and used these ritual gathering places. The radiocarbon dating he has undertaken at numerous enclosure sites provides the foundation for understanding when and how quickly people across the Central Kentucky landscape began participating in the construction and use of these sites. Henry will use the KyOPA Research Grant Fund to pay for one radiocarbon date from feasting debris he identified inside the Winchester Farm enclosure. The date will be run on the bone collagen of White Tail Deer remnants. The Winchester Farm enclosure is one of several enclosures that comprise the Mount Horeb earthworks in northern Fayette County. The site is the only one of its form (i.e., square with rounded corners) in Kentucky, and only one of two ever identified outside of Ohio (the other is at the Garden Creek site in western North Carolina). Knowing when the construction and use of these particular enclosures spread outside of Central Ohio, where many such enclosures have been identified, will help explain how quickly interaction between these two regions led to the spread of ritual ideas and practices.

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